October 29, 2015 – Despite the current spotlight on the Syrian refugee crisis, situations that pose a greater threat to global peace and security should be the focus of the international community, António Guterres, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), told a Georgetown audience yesterday.
“What has changed is not that the refugee problem has become, all of a sudden, much more dramatic,” Guterres said during a Georgetown Global Futures lecture. “What has changed is that refugees, for the first time, have come in big numbers to the rich world.”
The High Commissioner, whose agency has twice won the Nobel Peace Prize for its work protecting and assisting displaced persons, called on the international community to focus instead on protracted situations – such as the crises in the Central African Republic, Somalia and Afghanistan –that he said require assistance from world leaders and the development community alike.
Guterres’ lecture, “Present and Future Challenges of Global Forced Displacement,” takes place at a time when the number of people uprooted by conflict and persecution stands at its highest since World War II, according to UNHCR.
“It’s totally unacceptable that a Syrian who wants to go from Egypt to Italy has to pay $500 to a smuggler and risk her life while a tourist can move from Egypt to Italy for about $50,” said Guterres, who has led the U.N. refugee agency since 2005.
He called for strong, multilateral governance mechanisms to regulate migration, just as international systems currently regulate international financial markets or international trade.
One solution Guterres proposed is making the International Organization of Migration a part of the United Nations and giving it some regulatory capacity.
“Lack of capacity of the international community to prevent crises and to solve them timely is having terrible consequences in the humanitarian dimension,” he said.
Susan Martin, director of Georgetown’s Institute for the Study of International Migration, joined Guterres on stage after his remarks for a conversation and a Q&A with the audience.
She asked what role the United States can play in alleviating ongoing refugee and humanitarian crises.
Guterres responded that the United States needs to increase its commitment to humanitarian aid and act as a role model for other governments.
“The resources available for humanitarian aid are out of proportion – negatively – to the existing needs,” he explained.
Guterres also said America should act as a convening power, bringing together key stakeholders in each crisis. He said this “coalition of the willing” could help deescalate conflicts.
Global Futures Initiative
In his introductory remarks, President John J. DeGioia referenced Pope Francis’ comments about the refugee crisis and the obligation that everyone, including Georgetown, has to our "global family."
“The challenges we are facing today… we must respond to as a global community,” DeGioia said.
The event continued a semester-long conversation about “The Global Future of Governance,” convened by Georgetown’s Global Futures Initiative.
School of Foreign Service Dean Joel Hellman began the conversation with a speech on Sept. 9 and World Health Organization Director-General Margaret Chan continued the lecture series on Sept. 30 with remarks on global health governance.
Last semester the initiative addressed “The Global Future of Development” through a series of lectures with world leaders, including World Bank Group President Jim Kim and former U.K. Prime Minister Tony Blair.