China’s Global Promotion of Buddhism
Recent efforts to incorporate Buddhism into Chinese foreign policy build on decades of collaboration between the Communist Party of China and Buddhist clerics through the state religious system. Under President Xi Jinping, the state religious system has become increasingly implicated in efforts to support the growing political and economic power of China abroad by adding religious overtones to China’s existing portfolio of cultural and linguistic diplomacy. Projecting Chinese Buddhism as soft and sharp—that is, state-controlled and targeted—power ultimately seeks to influence the societies and politics of Buddhist-majority countries, Western states, and Asian competitors to China.
Yoshiko Ashiwa and David L. Wank, professors at Hitotsubashi University and Sophia University respectively, will discuss the enduring efficacy of Beijing’s promotion of Chinese Buddhism in countries of strategic interest and whether such efforts can remain sufficiently differentiated from perceived political interference from China. Professors Ashiwa and Wank recently published a policy brief on the topic titled “The Chinese State’s Global Promotion of Buddhism” as part of the Geopolitics of Religious Soft Power (GRSP) project, a multi-year, cross-disciplinary effort to systematically study the use of religion in foreign affairs. The conversation will be moderated by Peter Mandaville, Berkley Center senior research fellow and director of the GRSP project.
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